While active fire protection systems such as smoke alarms, sprinkler systems, and fire extinguishers are all essential elements in fire safety, the passive fire protection system of firestopping is crucial in having a balanced fire safety system. Firestopping, as defined by the International Firestop Council (IFC), is “a process where certain materials are used to resist or stop the spread of flames and its by-products (such as smoke and toxic gases) through openings in rated walls, floors or floor/ceiling assemblies.”
Fires are incredibly costly, causing property damage and increases in fire insurance premiums. While firestopping is termed a passive containment approach to fires, its implementation not only reduces these costs but saves lives. Firestopping establishes measures that contain fires to the areas in which they start, prevents them from spreading further throughout the building and therefore allows occupants in the building to have enough time to exit the building safely before they’re encountered with life-threatening smoke, gasses, and flames.
How do firestop systems work?
It’s a bit more comprehensive than slathering red caulk around some pipes, particularly for facilities rated high-risk such as schools, hospitals, and high-rise buildings. In addition to the apparent combustibles, fires typically spread throughout a structure through openings. This includes not only open doors but gaps and openings in walls, floors, and ceilings caused by pipes, ducts, cables and the like as well as slab edges of properties, aluminum-framed curtain walls, and the joints between wall and floor assemblies. Firestopping products are required to fill these open spaces, and several firestop systems can be employed dependent on the type of openings in the structure (including through-penetration systems, membrane-penetrations, fire-resistant joint systems, and perimeter fire barrier systems).
How do I know if I need one in my facility?
International Building Code (IBC) 2012, Section 1705.16 states that firestop inspections shall be included as part of the mandatory special inspections for high-risk buildings. Enforcement by building owners, contractors, and designers onto construction projects has increased rapidly in recent years. To meet this growing need, Braun Intertec’s Building and Structure Sciences and Nondestructive Examination groups have established training, inspection, and reporting procedures to meet the increasing demand and standard of firestopping system implementation.
While active fire protection systems should be utilized in every facility, installing Firestopping systems during the process of construction is an increasingly necessary measure. By containing existing fires and preventing the spread of life-threatening smoke, gas, and hot flames to people in your facility, firestopping saves costs and lives!